ARIZONA HYBRID ASSOCIATION - FOOD'S NOT TO FEED A WOLFDOG
ARIZONA HYBRID ASSOCIATION - EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION AND OWNERSHIP OF WOLFDOGS
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FOODS NOT TO FEED A WOLFDOG



(wolfdog beware)

HERE WE GO......

Baking Powder, Baking Soda, Dry Yeast, and other leavening agents are deadly if eaten in large amounts.

If ingested in large
amounts - and please remember large amounts must be considered in relation to your dog's size - can cause problems with electrolyte levels (low calcium, low potassium, high sodium), muscle spasms and/or congestive heart failure. Also avoid giving your dog large amounts (again size is relative) of raw dough that contains leavening agents. Remember heat is a catalyst for the leavening agent - raw dough can swell in your dogs stomach and cause serious if not lethal damage.
Candy containing the sweetener Xylitol
Xylitol can cause liver damage and even death.

Chocolate
Dogs should never have any type of chocolate. Milk chocolate is not as dangerous for dogs as semi-sweet or unsweetened bakers chocolate.  Chocolate poisoning can cause irregular heart rate and rhythm, restlessness, hyperactivity, diarrhea, vomiting, panting, muscle tremors, abdominal pain, bloody urine, increased body temperature, seizures, coma and death.
Coffee
Can result in increased breathing and heart rate, restlessness and affects the central nervous system.
IMG 7724Dairy Products - in large amounts, small amounts are OK for most dogs
If consumed in large amounts may cause diarrhea. Some dogs are lactose intolerant. If your dog is not lactose intolerant, plain yogurt is good for your dog. A little hard cheese or cottage cheese is also good. As noted above my dogs eat yogurt, hard cheese
and
cottage cheese on a daily basis.

Dog Kibble and Treats   
Dog kibble

and commercially manufactured treats can contain an overwhelming amount of:

  • Carcinogens;
  • Toxins;
  • Species inappropriate ingredients which can of itself rob your dog of his/her health and shorten his/her life.

Using whole white fish which may be high in mercury, rather than using salmon. 
    • And BTW if you live in the USA genetically modified (GM) salmon has just been approved for use - not good!
  • Using a cheap source Omega 6 oil (i.e.) sunflower oil rather than a good quality oil such as coconut oil. 
    • Even worse when for example safflower or canola oil is used as these are both derived from GM crops.


IMG 8851Eggs -  raw can be a hazard, cooked in small amounts are beneficial   
Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella, although the chance of contamination for your dog is low as a dog’s stomach acids are very strong and dog’s also produce a lot of bile. You can cook the eggs to avoid this issue. Due to the avidin it is best not to give eggs every day, but a couple of times a week is fine.
Fat - in large amounts, small amounts of good fat are
absolutely necessary
                                                                          
However large amounts (relative to the dog's weight, health and genetically inherited constitution) can cause very serious and, at worst fatal damage. Large amounts of fat such as butter, margarine, lard, fat trimmings and oil are a health hazard. Ingesting any substantial amount of these fats can cause failure of the internal organs such as the liver.
On a daily basis my dog get healthy fats from:


A dogs ancestral diet - and therefore a species appropriate diet consists of +/- 57 to 60% protein, 30% fat and 10 to 14% carbohydrates. 
Many commercially made dog food products (kibble and treats) contain poor quality fats. Most commercial dog kibble (and commercially made raw food preparations) do not provide a safely

Fish - in large quantities are dangerous, small quantities are beneficial
If fed exclusively or in large amounts can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. A small amount of cooked or canned  fatty fish such as
IMG 7873anchovies, salmon, sardines, shad, smelt, mackerel
are very good
for your dog (on a daily basis is fine - in small amounts) as these types of fish are nutrient rich and a good source of omega fatty acids. 
Fish - Raw, can be dangerous, use caution
Raw fish can contain flukes, a parasite that infests the liver of animals including dogs. This parasite can cause liver damage and subsequently death. Granted in some places around the world  dogs are fed raw fish. Just be aware that in doing so you may put the health of your dog at risk. If you know for certain that the fish in your area is not infested than there is no threat to your dogs health. But remember if fish is fed
exclusively or in largeamounts can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. A small amount daily is fine. 
Fish Meal
Check the ingredient list on your dog's kibble and treats - if they contain fish meal you need to check with the manufacturer to ensure that they guarantee there is no
IMG 8963
  You have to research this as the ingredient list will not list ethoxyquin on the ingredient list - it is a hidden ingredient. Ethoxyquin is a powerful and lethal pesticide that is also used to stop fat from going rancid.
Ethoxyquin is a carcinogen.
Ethoxyquin is now banned from use in human food.

. Acana and Evo are examples of dog kibble which is supposed to be ethoxyquin-free as stated by the manufactures on their respective websites. 

Food Coloring
Avoid treats and kibble that contain conventional food coloring. Conventional food coloring is concocted from chemicals that are carcinogenic and cause numerous health issues such as bladder cancer, brain tumors and the inability to concentrate.

Grapes, Currents
Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, lack of appetite and kidney damage. Grape seed extract is safe  for dogs.
Hops
May cause panting, elevated temperature, increased heart rate, seizures and death.
Liver - small amounts are beneficial, large amounts are dangerous
In large amounts can cause Vitamen A toxity, leading to kidney damage/failure.
Macadamia Nuts
Can cause vomiting, lethargy, hyperthermia, abdominal pain, stiff joints, lameness and tremors.
 
IMG 7887Marijuana
Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes in the heart rate.
Meat - Raw can be dangerous, use caution
May contain bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea and even death. Dogs are able to fight off Salmonella and E. coli much better than humans can, however some dogs are severely affected and do die. Raw pork can have worms that may be transferred to your dog by eating raw pork. Many people do feed their dogs raw meat and experience no issues. Working dogs such as sled dogs regularly consume raw meat without issue. Just take precautions - make sure the meat is fresh and has been kept in the refrigerator for no more than a few says or was frozen fresh. Reduce the risk of contamination and don't feed your dog raw pork.
Moldy Foods
Can have varied effects on pets including vomiting and diarrhea.
Mushrooms 
IMG 7342Depending on the type of mushroom. The symptoms may vary - depression, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, tearing, hallucinations, defecation, liver failure, seizures, drooling, urination, kidney failure, heart damage, hyperactivity and in some cases, death.
Mustard Seeds
Can have varied effects on pets.
Onion, Chives, Leeks, Shallots are dangerous, garlic in small amounts is beneficial
Contain thiosulphate, the substance responsible for causing ‘Heinx Factor’ anemia in dogs.
Can also cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhea.
The amount of thiosulphate found in garlic is much lower than in onions, in fact the amount in garlic is barely traceable!  When garlic is ingested in reasonable amounts there are no harmful affects, only beneficial ones! Garlic is known for its antic cancer, diabetes, liver, heart, kidney disease fighting properties as well as its use as a natural flea repellent and de-wormer for dogs.
Pits from Apricot / Cherry / Peach / Plum, etc.
Can cause respiratory difficulties such as breathing, coughing and sneezing.
Plants that are toxic if ingested by dogs
(ASPCA)               

IMG 7363-001Potato Leaves and Stems
Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.
Raisins and Currents 
Can be poisonous to pets and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, lack of appetite and kidney damage.
Rhubarb Leaves
Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.
Salt
In large quantities can cause electrolyte imbalances.
Seeds from Apples / Pears
Contain arsenic and can have a variety of bad affects on dogs.
Sweeteners
If a product is really wholesome why does it require sweeteners to be appealing to your dog?
Sweeteners are not required in your dog’s diet! In fact they are not good for your dog. They are added to many pet foods to make the food more attractive - think about it, some of these products have a lot of fillers - no taste…so the sweeteners give the food some taste. 

  • Cane molasses;
  • Corn syrup;
  • Fructose;
  • Sorbitol;
  • Sugar;
  • Di-alpha tocopherol acetate.



Remember daily intake of sweeteners is just as bad for dogs as it is for humans. Sugar suppresses the immune system - making it easier for cancer to take hold. Sweeteners also cause allergies, arthritis, cataracts, hypoglycaemia, heart ailments, nervous energy, tooth decay, obesity and so on. The more your dog’s health is compromised the harder it is for your dog’s body to fight disease!

Tea - non decaffeinated
Can have varied effects in pets.
75902 404775939623965 408619976 nTobacco        
Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. Can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and death.
Tomato Leaves and Stems are dangerous, tomatoes are fine
Can cause problems with the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.
Vitamins made for human consumption that contain iron
Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.
Walnuts
Can cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhea, as well as respiratory issues such as sneezing, breathing and coughing.
177Yeast Dough - raw, not baked
Can be dangerous as it will expand and result in gas, pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.
Xylitol
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol -- an artificial sweetener created from birch, raspberries, plums and corn.1 This sweetener is found in many human "sugar free" products, such as gum, candies and other sweets. Signs of toxicity can be seen as quickly as 30 minutes after xylitol ingestion in dogs. The xylitol causes a rapid release of the hormone insulin, causing a sudden decrease in blood glucose. The following are symptoms of Xylitol poisioning: vomiting
weakness, ataxia (uncoordinated movements), depression, hypokalemia (decreased potassium), seizures, coma, liver dysfunction and/or failure. Ingestion can be fatal.

If You Think Your Wolf Dog Is Suffering From Poisoning
(food, chemicals, insect/snake bites)
The following provides a list of some of the interventions that they may ask you to do, they may also request that you bring your dog in ASAP.
To induce vomiting, give your pet 3% Hydrogen Peroxide (1 tablespoon per 15 pounds of the dog’s body weight) with an eye dropper, syringe, or turkey baster by dribbling the liquid onto the back of his tongue or into his cheek pocket until swallowed. Collect any vomit and take it, along with the poison container or other substance that you think you dog may have ingested and take it to the veterinarian
To dilute caustic poisons such as pine oils, detergents, bleaches, and swimming pool chemicals, feed your dog large quantities of water, milk, or egg whites. Activated charcoal (or even burned toast) may be recommended to absorb insect repellents like DEET.

1238807 10151884920402040 878713338 n
To remove absorbed poisons
...absorbed poisons are substances that get on your pet’s paws and coat and are absorbed through the skin. Road salt is one of the most common of such substances and can cause serious and lethal damage over time. Remember your dog walks, on lies on and licks the floor - don't use chemical based cleaners to clean floors, other horizontal or vertical surfaces that your dog comes into contact with. Absorbed poisoning can happen through ingestion when the animal grooms himself. For oil-based toxins (petroleum products) use a gentle dish washing liquid like 'Dawn'. Dust or vacuum powdery poisons away because water can activate certain toxins. If the poison is in your dog’s eye, carefully flush the eye with water or a sterile saline solution. To remove toxins from a dog's paws you can use the following Foot Soak Recipe...
IMG 7640Warm Water and Iodine -
Foot Soak Recipe, To Remove Toxins
Iodine is non-toxic for dogs (but should not be ingested, just used topically) and is anti-fugal and anti-viral. To remove toxins (road salt, herbicides, fertilizers or pesticides) from the surface of your dog’s paws - this soak can also be used to reduce itchy, inflamed, and other wise irritated paws…

  • Fill the container you are using with warm water;
  • Add enough iodine to make the water turn the colour of ice tea;
  • Have your dog stand in or otherwise keep their paw in the the water/iodine solution for 30 seconds
  • Then pat your dog’s paws dry.


‘Inhaled poisons’ include aerosol sprays, carbon monoxide, gases, and other fumes inhaled by your pet that you may not consider poison to dogs because you use them safely on a regular basis. Quickly get your dog into fresh air and administer Rescue Breathing if necessary.
For snakebites, carry your dog if at all possible, to prevent increased circulation of venom throughout his body via walking. Get him to an animal emergency centre ASAP.
For insect bites, administer 1 mg of Diphenhydramine (i.e. Benadryl), an antihistamine, per pound of your dog’s body weight—but do check with your veterinarian first. Applying a cold pack to the bite can alleviate swelling, but immediately seek professional medical help if you detect breathing problems. You can also wipe or spray the bite with Apple Cider Vinegar.
If you think your dog is suffering from symptoms related to poisoning from any of these foods, plants or chemicals call your veterinarian or contact a pet poison control centre right away.


IMG 6762
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